HIV Testing and Counseling (HTC)

Goal of  HIV Testing and Counselling

The goal of HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is two-fold. Firstly, HTC provides knowledge of one’s HIV status, and creates an ideal situation that facilitates adoption of HIV prevention and transmission knowledge, mitigating the impact of HIV through psychosocial support to infected and affected. Secondly, HTC serves as an entry point to HIV treatment, care and supportive services.

HTC  Strategies

Types of HTC

HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is the main gateway for HIV prevention and treatment. HTC is offered in various forms: client-initiated, community based, etc. Models of delivering HTC include: stand-alone, integrated, outreach, mobile, home-based, door-to-door.

The main HTC Program goals are:

Additional goal of HTC is to link HIV negatives to appropriate prevention services (VMMC, etc.) and to encourage retesting based on the client risk assessment.

PITC: Ascertain HIV status for all patients attending health services (ANC, maternity, TB, STI, FP, U1 / U5, adult and paediatric wards).Remind patients during pre-test education (group or individual) that they can decline HIV-testing without any ‘fear of punishment’ by the health worker.Encourage patients to attend HTC with their sexual partner. Ensure that all children (including adolescents) of HIV infected parents are tested.